Neurological diseases have effects on the function of the child’s organism. Dysfunctions of the brain, spinal cord and nerves may often cause serious symptoms like movement disorders, severe headache, fainting, spasms, sensory deficits and dizziness. It is also important to pay attention to the children’s learning problems, eating disorders or even to their stress. Our clinic’s pediatric neurologist, Dr. Márta Hegyi, has been taking care of children’s neurological problems for decades and when clearing up the causes behind the complaints, the medical check-up of the incidental psychological symptoms has also an important role in making the diagnosis.
What are the complaints specific for certain ages?
At infant and toddler age the most frequent problems are developmental delays. At our clinic a developmental neurology specialist (see link…), focusing specifically on these ages, cares for premature infants or babies with birth trauma injuries.
Children at this age, having muscle tone disorders, eating problems, sleeping disturbances or producing lasting, unappeasable crying, might also be brought to a neurological specialist doctor.
Pre-school age problems like defecation or urination disorders or delays of communicative competences are also a cause to take the child to the specialist.
Children at school age may face problems like learning disorders, psychosomatic complaints, mood and behaviour troubles.
Inappropriate stress handling of teenagers may be the source of different psychological problems. Since complaints are often age-related it is very important to have the timely and professional intervention of the neurologist, if necessary with the help of the associated branches of medicine (e.g. laboratory tests, ophthalmological, laryngological or electrophysiological etc. examinations), in order to specify the causes behind the child’s symptoms.
What other cases require the pediatric neurologist’s attention for medical treatment?
In case of infections of the child’s nervous system
- symptoms are high fever, bad headache, excessive vomiting, disorientation, nervous system catalepsies (involuntary muscular spasm seizures with loss of consciousness)
Clinical aspects related to paralysis:
- having the neurological disorder of the muscles the child is barely able to mobilize one of these muscles or one group of them, maybe he cannot move them at all
In such case
- muscle strength is decreased
- a certain muscle or muscle group becomes tense without intentional tightening
- asymmetric contraction of mimic muscles (when talking or smiling there is a abnormality at one of the corners of the mouth or one of the palpebral fissures is wider than the other)
- altering in the child’s way of talking, it may become „slurred”
Important specialty is the medical check-up, treatment and care of childhood epilepsies. There are different types of epilepsies with different symptoms:
- involuntary stops in the child’s motion or in actual activities
- involuntary tension, twitching and tremor of muscles
- sicknesses with muscle tension which leads to the loss of consciousness and later to rhythmical twitching of muscles and involuntary defecation and urination
Besides, it is very important to examine and cure the recurring childhood headaches.